Systemic Family Intervention Method
Convincing an individual that he or she is, in fact, the victim of alcoholism or drug addiction is never a simple task; convincing this individual to seek treatment is more challenging and may sometimes lead to conflict and alienation between the individual and his or her family, friends, and loved ones. At times, a confrontation with the substance abuser or addict is required in order to make him or her realize and face the problem, which also affects those close to him or her. However, this approach may not always be applicable, especially when the confrontation or intervention is not supervised by a professional interventionist. The systemic family intervention method is used in cases where a confrontation can be more harmful than beneficial to the substance abuser or addict.
Interventions have been used to address psychological disorders and serious personal problems for the last 30 years. It has been widely used for alcoholics, in an effort to encourage them to get treatment. It has also been criticized due to its direct and confrontational approach, which sometimes causes more harm than good. The systemic family intervention method uses a subtler approach and is less stressful for the addict. It is more focused on addressing issues involving the family as a unit than on the individual, treating addiction as a disease of the family due to the family’s large role in an individual’s life. This method posits that, in order for an addict to get better, treatment must involve the family and all internal issues should be addressed.
The effectiveness of the systemic family intervention method largely depends on the full support of family members and the experience and skill of the interventionist supervising the procedure. It provides an atmosphere of openness and honesty between the addict and his or her family so they can resolve internal issues that may be the root cause of the addiction.